Gain insights by measuring and analysing data. Researching a dataset can give you useful quantitative information about the topic of interest.
Collect data that is relevant for your area of research and analyse it. Split your dataset into a training set and a test dataset. Find an algorithm that works with the training data and check whether it is reliable with the test data.
- A data collection plan.
- Analysis tooling (e.g. statistical tooling or machine learning algorithms).
- A critical eye on the validity of your data and your conclusions.
- Comprehensive data visualisations
Applied data science is now done in many fields. For example, it is used in the business domain to predict customer behaviour.